In this review we describe what are Terpenes and their rare properties. Terpenes are the compounds that give cannabis its distinct scent and flavor. Terpenes have a molecular structure that is remarkably similar to cannabinoids. And at least 200 of these chemicals have been found in cannabis plants.
Terpenes, or terpenoids, are responsible for the smell of citrus, the scent of flowers, and the sharpness of pine trees. Cannabis has the most diverse terpene profile of any plant. Scientists have identified over 150 in the cannabis plant so yet.
Terpenes and their Functions
Terpenes offer aromatherapeutic properties to humans. Aromatic essential oils are released for therapeutic reasons to enhance a sense of well-being. Including alleviation from stress, anxiety, and depression. Plants release terpenes to attract pollinators and discourage predation and other environmental threats.
From the hundreds of existing cannabis terpenes only a dozen are present in sufficient numbers to cause noticeable effects. Terpenes that have received the greatest attention are caryophyllene, myrcene, limonene, and pinene. We will focus on these below and their properties.
Pinene is the most abundant terpene in plants. And it is responsible for the scent of pine trees, rosemary, and eucalyptus. Other plants rich in pinene include rosemary, orange peels, basil, parsley and of course cannabis. Pinene terpenes, like many others, possess anti-inflammatory properties in humans. But, more crucially, they aid in the improvement of airway and respiratory functions.
Pinene interacts quickly with the other active cannabinoids in the cannabis strain or CBD product you’re taking. CBD and THC in combination with pinene have been demonstrated to improve memory retention. In fact, pinene is a perfect example of why cannabis’ entourage effect may be so potent. What are Terpenes and Their Rare Properties.
This terpene is well-known for its powerful aromas and flavors. Limonene is responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of citrus fruits. Limonene is regarded as an elevating terpene capable of inducing happiness. Limonene’s mood-boosting benefits are complimented by a number of features that may safeguard health. By warding off dangerous microorganisms and promoting tissue repair.
It is typically present in rather high quantities with terpenes, which also aid in stress relief and mood elevation. It is very prevalent in topicals, which is not surprising considering its capacity. To aid in tissue healing and fight off microorganisms that may cause infection.
Because of its numerous health advantages, myrcene is frequently referred to as the “mother of all terpenes.” It has sedative, muscle relaxant, hypnotic, and anti-inflammatory qualities, imparts a spicy taste to hops, and is abundant in lemongrass. Cannabis strains with increased myrcene levels frequently have a peppery, spicy, earthy, and musky aroma. Myrcene also has some delicate sweet undertones, similar to ripe mango, luscious guava, and other exotic aromas.
Myrcene has several medicinal properties. Myrcene, like other terpenes, is thought to provide anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, sleep-supportive, and other health advantages.
One of the most prevalent and dominating terpenes discovered in cannabis products is caryophyllene. Caryophyllene contributes to the aroma of black pepper, oregano, and many green, leafy vegetables. Beta caryophyllene is renowned for its analgesic properties, which helps in pain relief.
When you eat cannabis products high in beta caryophyllene, you can expect some stress relief. And mood enhancement, resulting in a relaxed and joyful feeling.